kostenlose Infoveranstaltung März 2015

Liebe Studenten und Kampfkunstinteressierte,

wir möchten Euch die Gelegenheit bieten, unsere Schule, unsere Lehrer sowie das umfangreiche Angebot kostenlos und unverbindlich kennenzulernen. In diesem Sinne laden wir Euch herzlich zu unserer Infoveranstaltung ein.

Veranstaltungsort: Millerhall, Grünberger Str. 143, 35394 Gießen

Es wird um Voranmeldung gebeten um die Veranstaltung planen zu können.
Info und Anmeldung unter 0163-6717153 oder via Kontaktformular

Datum: 15.05.2015

15:00- 16:00 Uhr Vortrag

16:00- 16:30 Uhr Pause

17::00 – ca. 19:00 Uhr  Workshop

 

Ip Ching Wing Chung Workshop Jan. 2012 mit Michael Yan Choi

Ving Tsun Wochenend-Seminar mit Michael Yan Choi

am 14.-15.01.2011 in der Trainingshalle in Heuchelheim

mit Michael Yan Choi (Ip Ching Linie und Schüler von Gary Lam)

Start: 10:30 bis 17:00 Uhr

offen für alle Stile und Verbände, keine Vorkenntnisse erforderlich

Seminarthema: Chi Sao translated into Fighting Applications

 

  • Chi Sao (Theorie, Positionen, Struktur, Reflexe, Techniken)
  • Chi Sao Übungen für Fortgeschrittene und Anfänger
  • Poon Sao (The Wong Shun Leung Engine)
  • Beinarbeit im Gwo Sao (für Fortgeschrittene)
  • Chi Sau Fähigkeiten übersetzen in Kampftechniken
  • Strategie, Philosophie und Innere Energie

Erste Chi-Sao Kenntnisse und Formenkenntnisse, sowie insgesamt eine solide Basis soll hinreichend sein, um aus dem Workshop den größten Nutzen zu ziehen.
Aber auch Anfänger, ohne Vorkenntnisse oder nur mit geringen Vorkenntnissen können das Seminar nutzen, um mit Ving Tsun Kung Fu zu beginnen.

Intensivtrainingsprogramm von 10:30-17:00 Uhr (1h Pause).

Unterkünfte können vermittelt werden. Für Getränke und Speisen ist selbst zu sorgen. Vorort gibt es jedoch Kaffee und Kuchen.

Teilnahmegebühr für Workshop + Teilnahmebestätigung  35/Tag, 60Euro/2 Tage

 

A Chronicle of the Life of Grandmaster Ip Man

A Chronicle of the Life of Grandmaster Ip Man

 

Ip Man was born on October 14th 1893,passed away on the 1st December 1972.

 

Written by Ip Chun

Translated into 2 thirds English by Samuel Kwok & Daniel Marshall-Searson

 

Grandmaster Ip Man spent his whole life as champion of the cause of Wing Chun Kung Fu. He was responsible for advancing Wing Chun Kung Fu to its eminence today. Throughout the world, students of Wing Chun Kung Fu continue to publish articles about Grandmaster Ip Man, his life and achievements. Therefore to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the birth of Grandmaster Ip Man this chronicle is being produced for all those interested in Wing Chun Kung Fu.

 

This chronicle is about Ip Man and his contribution to the style of Wing Chun Kung Fu. Therefore the details of his life, his education and profession, will only be covered in brief. There are thousands of practitioners of Wing Chun Kung Fu and those who are not mentioned in this tribute must bear with the author for lack of space.

 

Ip Man was born on October 14th 1893, in the Chine Dynasty (Kang Shoui-September 5th, in the Chinese calendar), in Fut Shan town in Kwong Tung province, which was, then in Lam Hoi country. So Ip Man’s birthplace is often referred as Lam Hoi in Kwong Tung.

 

Grandmaster Ip Man’s father was called Ip Oi Dor, his mother was Ng Shui, he was one of four brothers and sisters. His older brother was called Gei Ger (Grandmaster Ip Man was originally called Gei Man), his sister’s names were Wan Mei and Wan Hom.

 

———————————————————-

 

1899 to 1905 (Ching Kwon Shui)

Grandmaster Ip Man 6 to 12 years old.

Location: Fut Shan.

 

Grandmaster Ip Man studied Wing Chun Kung Fu with Chan Wah Shun ( Money Changer Wah). The location was in Fut Shan town main street (Song Yun Dai Gai) in the Ip family hall. The garden is now owned by the government and the hall is no longer there. At that time studying together with Grandmaster Ip Man were Lui Yui Chai, Ng Chung Sao, Ng Siu Lo and others.

 

1905 (Ching Kwon Shui)

Grandmaster Ip Man is 12 years old.

Location: Fut Shan.

 

Chan Wah Shun passed away, but before he died he asked Ng Chung Sao to help Ip Man to complete the Wing Chun system. Chan Wah Shun’s body was taken by his Kung Fu disciples to Chan village in Shun Dak, for burial.

 

1905 to 1907 (Ching Kwon Shui)

Grandmaster Ip Man 12 to 14 years old.

Location: Fut Shan.

 

Grandmaster Ip Man followed the last words of Chan Wah Shun to study with Ng Chung Sao. Ng’s school was situated in Sin Huen Gai Street. In Ng’s school at the time were Yuen Kei Shan, Yiu Choi (Yiu Kei’s father) and others.

 

1908 (Ching Kwon Shui)

Grandmaster Ip Man is 15 years old.

Location: Hong Kong.

 

Grandmaster Ip Man came to live at Kane Road, Hong Kong with the help of a relative, Leung Fut Ting, and was sponsored to study at St Stephen Collage in Stanley.

 

1909 to 1913 (Ching Shun Tong)

Grandmaster Ip Man 16 to 21 years old.

Location: Hong Kong.

 

Grandmaster Ip Man, through classmates, came to know Leung Pik, the second son of the late Grandmaster Leung Chan. and studied with him for four years. (A short story by Ip Chun has recorded this).

 

1914 to 1937 (Man Kwok year 3 to 26)

Grandmaster Ip Man 21 to 44 years old.

Locations: Hong Kong – Japan – Fut Shan.

 

During this 20-year period his job was mainly in the army and police work. He married Cheung Wing Sing, who’s family were descended from Cheung Yum Hang, one of the last of the Ching Dynasty ministers. He had four children, sons Ip Chun, Ip Ching, daughters Ar Sum and Ar Wun. When he was not working, Grandmaster Ip Man liked to get together with other Martial Artists to study and practice.

 

He became famous, throughout the martial arts community of southern China, everyone came to know the name of Ip Man from Fat Shan. In Ip Man’s large garden a lot of ideas were exchanged about the Wing Chun style. In the corner of his living room was a wooden Wing Chun dummy. Practising at the time with Ip Man were Yuen Gei San, Yiu Choi, Yip Chung Hong, Lai Hip Chi, Tong Kai and others.

 

1937 (Man Kwok year 26)

Grandmaster Ip Man is 44 years old.

Location: Fut Shan.

 

The Japanese invaded south China.

 

1937 to 1945 (Man Kwok year 26 to 34)

Grandmaster Ip Man 44 to 52 years old.

Location: Fut Shan.

 

For 8 years Ip Man fought the Japanese but Fut Shan was occupied and ruled by a puppet government. Grandmaster Ip Man swore not to be used by the puppet government so he became very poor and often went hungry. Luckily his good friend, Chow Cheng Chung, gave him food from time to time. Grandmaster Ip Man wanted to repay his kindness and so accepted his son, Chow Kwang Yiu, as a student. From 1941 to 1943 he taught Wing Chun Kung Fu in the cotton mill at Wing On.

 

Studying at this time with Chow Kwong Tiu were Kwok Fu, Chan Chi Sun, Ng Ying, Lun Kai, Chow Sai and others. These were the first generation of students that Grandmaster Ip Man taught. Kwok Fu and Lun Kai are still alive and teaching Wing Chun Kung Fu in Chin today, in Kwong Chow, Fut Shan.

 

1945 (Man Kwok year 34)

Grandmaster Ip Man is 52 years old.

Location: Fut Shan.

The year Japan surrendered.

 

1945 to 1949 (Man Kwok year 34 to 38)

Grandmaster Ip Man 54 to 56 years old.

Location: Kwong Chow, Fut Shan.

 

During this period of time, Grandmaster Ip Man was at his busiest at work, even through he loved Wing Chun Kung Fu he had to leave it for a time. Until, in 1948, through his very good friend Tong Kai, he was introduced to Pang Lam who begged Ip Man to teach him Wing Chun Kung Fu. Through this was a busy time for Ip Man he coached Pang Lam on the forms at the Fut Shang Cheung Yee Athletic Association.

 

1949 (Man Kwok year 38)

Grandmaster Ip Man is 56 years old.

Locations: Macao and Hong Kong.

 

Grandmaster Ip Man went through Macao to Hong Kong but while in Macao he stayed for two weeks at Cho Doi Street with friends who owned a bir shop.

 

1950 to 1953 (Man Kwok year 39 to 42)

Grandmaster Ip Man 57 to 60 years old.

Location: Hong Kong.

 

In July 1950, through Lee Man’s introduction, Grandmaster Ip Man started teaching in Dai Lam Street, Kowloon. The first Wing Chun Kung Fu class was for the Restaurant Workers Association. When he opened the class there were only 8 people including Leung Shang and Lok Yiu. All these were restaurant workers, but later he was joined by Tsui Shan Tin, Yip Bo Ching, Chiu Wan, Lee Yan Wing, Law Peng, Man Siu Hung and others.

 

This period of time was called the forefront of the Restaurant Workers Association. Grandmaster Ip Man also taught in the Restaurant Workers, Shang Wan branch, Union HQ in Hong Kong. Students included Lee Wing, Yue May Keug, Lee Leung Foon and others.

 

1953 to 1954 (Man Kwok year 42 to 43)

Grandmaster Ip Man 60 to 61 years old.

Location: Hong Kong.

 

When Leung Shang was defeated in the union elections, Grandmaster Ip Man moved the school to Hoi Tan Street. Learning at this time were Wong Shun Leung, Wong Kiu, Wong Chaok, Ng Chan and others. Grandmaster Ip Man also taught private lessons at Three Prince Temple on Yue Chow Street. Students were Lee Hong and others.

 

1954 to 1955 (Man Kwok year 43 to 44)

Grandmaster Ip Man 61 to 62 years old.

Location: Hong Kong.

 

Leung Shang was re-elected chairman of the Restaurant Workers Union and so Grandmaster Ip Man moved back to the union HQ. This was called the later stage of the Restaurant Workers Association. At this time he was joined by Lee Kam Sing, Kan Wa Jeet (Victor Kan), Lo Man Kam, Cheung Cheuk Heng (William Cheung) and others.

 

1955 to 1957 (Man Kwok year 44 to 46)

Grandmaster Ip Man 62 to 64 years old.

Location: Hong Kong.

 

Grandmaster Ip Man moved the school to Lee Tat Street, Yao Ma Tei in Kowloon. The students here were Lee Siu Lung (Bruce Lee), Chan Shing, Haw Kin Cheung, Siu Yuk Man, Poon Bing Lid, Pang Kam Fat and others.

 

1957 to 1962 (Man Kwok year 46 to 51)

Grandmaster Ip Man 64 to 69 years old.

Location: Hong Kong.

 

During these 5 years Grandmaster Ip Man moved the school to Lee Chang Oak Chuen. At this time sudents were Mek Po, Yeung Hei, Moi Yat, Ho Kam Ming and others. During this period of time Grandmaster Ip Man taught mostly private lessons.

 

Sau Kei Wan, Shun Kei Pottery Shop. Students were Wong Pak Yee, Wong Wei, Yeung Chung Han, Chow Lok Gee, Wong Kwok Yau and others.

Tsim Sha Tsui, Bo Lak Hong. Students were Tong Cho Chi, Lee Fat Chi, Chang Tak Chiu, Tam Lai and others.

Tai Po Road. Students were Chung Kam Chuen, Chung Wing Hong.

 

 

 

1962 to 1963 (Man Kwok year 51 to 52)

Grandmaster Ip Man 69 to 70 years old.

Location: Hong Kong.

 

Grandmaster Ip Man moved the school to 61 Tai Po Road, a unit in the Heng Yip Building. Students were Cheung Yiu Wing, Ho Luen, Jun Ching On, Chan Woon Lam, Chang Tai Yim and Kwok See Yan. Private lessons were taught at Yee Wa Tailor Shop, at Tsim Sha Tsui. Students were Peter Chang and a group of people from Po Lak Hong. It was about this time in 1962 that the two sons of Grandmaster Ip Man moved to Hong Kong from China. His eldest son Ip Chun and Ip Ching.

 

1963 to 1965 (Man Kwok year 52 to 54)

Grandmaster Ip Man 70 to 72 years old.

Location: Hong Kong.

 

The school was moved to the top floor of the Tai Sang Restaurant on Fook Chuen Street, Tai Kok Tsui. Originally this had been the storeroom, the owner was called Ho Luen who let them use the room. Most of the people from the school at the Heng Yip Building also moved here. As well as Ho Luen there were also Yeung Chung Hon, Wat Yung Sung, Pang Kam Fat, Jun Ching On, Lee Yan Wing and Yau Hak So.

 

During this period of time Grandmaster Ip Man also taught students, mainly from the police force, privately on Hin Hing Street, San Po Kong. These included Tang Sang, Lam Ying Fat, Yuen Chi Kong, Lee Yiu Fei, Wong Kok and others.

 

1965 to 1972 (Man Kwok year 54 to 61)

Grandmaster Ip Man 72 to 79 years old.

Location: Hong Kong.

 

The School at the Tai Sang Restaurant finished and Grandmaster Ip Man moved to live on Tong Choi Street residence because he was getting old. Although he was already partly retired he was still teaching one to one private tuition. Going to Grandmaster Ip Man’s home during this period of time, were Wong Chung Wah (Yat Oak Goi Tse), Wong Hei, Hong Jap Sum and others. He also went out teaching at four places.

 

The Ving Tsun Athletic Association, which in 1967, was the first martial arts society to be officially registered with the government. The Ving Tsun Athletic Association then decided to open Kung Fu classes at the association’s address. The association placed Grandmaster Ip Man in charge of the instruction. Assisting him were Jun Ching On, Fung Hon, Wong Hon Chung and others. This was only about three months.

Chen Wei Hong’s home on Waterloo Road. Learning were Chen Wei Hong, the Siu Lung brothers, also Wong Chi On, Chan Kam Ming, Chung Yau, Lau Hon Lam, Man Yim Kwong and others.

Chi Yau Road. When Chen Wei Hong and other business, could not continue at Waterloo Road, Grandmaster Ip Man moved to the top roof of Lau Hon Lam’s home. Joining here were Wong Chi Ming and he officially accepted a female student called Ng Yuet Dor.

Siu Fai Toi. At Solicitor Yip Sing Cheuk’s house, apart from Yip Sing Cheuk the rest of the students were mostly solicitors. This was the last place that Grandmaster Ip Man taught Wing Chun Kung Fu.

 

Grandmaster Ip Man passed away at his home on Tong Choi Street on the 1st December 1972 (Man Kwok year 61) – 26th October in the Chinese lunar calendar. He enjoyed 79 years of life.

F A Q Ving Tsun (Wing Chun), Michael Yan Choi

 

 

Frequently asked questions:

 

Why should I learn from you?

I have accumulated over 26-years’ of wing chun gungfu practice (over 4 different lineage) & vast ‚real-world‘ experiences to pass on, and I will GUARANTEE fast results to all my students that are diligent, willing to listen & attend lessons on a regular basis.

I will also PROMISE to teach my students authentic Wing chun gungfu.

You may ask: “How do I know what you are teaching me is ‘authentic?”

Well, that’s very easy. I will teach my students the wing chun principles – the guiding concepts of how wing chun should be based upon & developed – as passed down by its founder & our ancient wing chun ancestors right from the onset. By learning those principles, my students can correlate for themselves whether what I’m teaching them adheres to those guidelines and thereby use it to act as a parity check for their learning. Armed with a set of wing chun principles – or map of wing chun training – you will never be lost again or deviate too far from your wing chun journey, to ensure that you reach your destination in the shortest time possible.

It’s a very sad fact of life, but many wing chun people are learning ‘chopsuey’ wing chun – wing chun that contains a bit of this, and a bit of that, deviating from the original form & function. Not only are they losing their hard earnt money, but they are also wasting the most valuable personal commodity of all: time, something which no amount of money can buy.

Wing chun should be easy, simple, direct, effective and efficient, but how many people really understand these simple rules & fellow its directive?

So, it’s very important that you find yourself a genuine & generous teacher right from the onset. Please, don’t take my word for it. Go and check all other kwoons first before coming to mine, and only stay if you are 100% certain that I can teach you authentic wing chun.

 

Is learning wing chun difficult?

Learning wing chun from me is very easy, and I teach at a very fast pace, however to truly master wing chun & apply it at the highest level may take many years. So, if one is not willing or prepared to make sacrifices & put the ‚mileage \ time‘ in, my honest advice to you is, stay at home and don’t waste your money — you will get nothing out by putting half a heart in.

 

Is there other benefits to learning wing chun besides the combatives elements?

There are many benefits to learning wing chun: cardiovascular fitness, developing a strong body & mind. To the Chinese, martial arts is about personal development; the combat aspect is just a means to an end — it isn’t the end itself. It’s the vehicle to reach our destination, which is to reach our maximum potential, not just on a physical level, but on a mental level as well. On a personal basis, my wing chun training has helped to strengthen my body to a very high level. I haven’t seen my doctor for over 20-years‘ and in that time, I’ve only ever taken 1 — yes, 1 — pain tablet.

 

Can anyone of all ages & health take up wing chun?

Wing chun works on a ‚progessive‘ basis and it’s very easy for the beginner. It’s only when you reach a higher level of wing chun that it becomes intensive — by which time your body would have become much stronger due to the inintial training. However, I would still recommend that you seek your GP’s advice before taking up any thing that can be strenuous on your body. As regards to age, there’s no hard or fast rule when someone can start. However, wing chun is quite a profound art, so younger people may not be able to appreciate this level of training. Best thing to do is try it and see.

 

Can I mix my wing chun training with other styles of martial arts?

You can mix wing chun with anything you want….However, it’s not a good idea to begin with. Because wing chun is quite a large program, with the specifics of the training to bring certain attributes out of our body, it’s best that we spend time to truly comprehend our method first before trying to confuse ourselves with learning too much to soon. We need time to understand the way of wing chun & embed those ‚tools‘ into our subconscious. By learning other arts before you grasp wing chun, you will confuse your body because the objective & mechanics of wing chun differ substantially compared to many other arts. For example, wing chun’s punches are mostly linear by nature, and we learn not to bring our fist back (withdraw) after an attack before launching another punch. As we know, most other punching methods conflicts with these principles, so if you practice other styles along side wing chun, your wing chun punching will become very un-natrual. Further more, wing chun is a process of refinement, filtering out all that which is imperfect or unnecessary.

 

Is it true that Wing chun punches lack power?

Most people don’t really understand the wing chun ‚way‘. Wing chun’s punches isn’t about absolute power. What’s more important to us is that our punches are precise, fast, with deep penetrative power to damage. Our objective isn’t to ‚knock‘ our opponent out like in ring sports, but to inflict injury to our opponent. You can compare our punches to that of a foil in fencing. Sure, the foil isn’t as powerful as the ‚Excaliber‘, but it’s much faster, easier to control and just as damaging on weak points of the human body. ‚Absolute‘ power isn’t needed — just the precision, speed & penetration. A foil will kill no matter how ‚hard‘ or ‚powerful‘ you stab your opponent. Then why the obsession with power? Because most people equate punching with what they see in boxing or K1 sports, where absolute power is important because the ojective isn’t to injure their opponent but to knock them out, whilst wearing large proctective gloves. Changing the ‚objectives‘ will change the way you use your ‚tools‘. If you use a claw hammer like a sledgehammer, then of course wing chun punches lack power.

 

Why call your training as the ‚Yip Man & Lam Man Hoc training method‘?

Even though what I teach is 90% traceable back to Yip Man sigung, part of my knowledge comes from sifu Lam Man Hoc, hence why I label my method as thus. It’s true that sifu Lam can also trace his knowledge & skills from back to Yip Man via sifu Wong Shung Leung, but sifu Lam has contributed what’s specifically his own in his wing chun training to merit labelling it his method. The ‚Lam Man Hoc‘ part is just a small acnowledgement of his contribution towards wing chun.

All Wing chun ‚looks‘ the same, so how can a perspective student tell whether a sifu(teacher) is any good?

This is a very good question. There are 4 main points perspective students should observe in guaging a teacher’s wing chun comprehension & skill. 1) Lineage. All genuine wing chun practitioners can be traced back to their wing chun family tree. Try to learn from a teacher that’s closer to the source of teaching. For example, Grandmaster Yip Man was an 8th generation wing chun practitioner, and all his direct students would be 9th generation. Finding a teacher from a 9th, 10th or 11th generation background would mean the information passed on would be closer to the original source & most likely to be ‚purer‘. As the Chinese saying goes ‚know the source of the water from which you drink‘. 2) Look at how your sifu applies wing chun. Can he apply the ‚tools‘ of wing chun (tan, bong, fook, wu, etc.,) during gwohsau? If he can’t apply those fundamental tools during training, then there are no chance he would be able to apply it during actual combat. In other words, if his sparring (gwohsau)doesn’t resemble his wing chun training, looking closer to kick boxing, than it’s most likely it isn’t wing chun. 3) Does he chisau with perspective students? If you were interested in buying any product in a store –say, a TV — the store would allow you to see the ‚quality‘ of the product working, right? So, it would be the same if you were interested in learning from him. If a wing chun teacher is skillful, he would ‚play‘ with any potential student so that they may gauge his skill level, on request. If you don’t allow potential students to ‚play‘, how do they know you are any good? 4) One telling sign that a practitioner’s wing chu is functional: his tuen kil lik (short bridge power). Since wing chun is a close-quarter fighting method, it stands to reason that one must be able to generate power at close quarter. If one can’t do that, how are they suppose to inflict damage to their opponent once they get closed in?

 

ALARM BELLS!

Wing chun was conceived to be quick & easy to learn. Although one can refine their wing chun until the day they die, the actual syllabus itself shouldn’t take too long to learn. If you are a diligent student, training consistantly, then you should complete the entire system in less than 5- to 8-years the most. After that time, alarm bells should start to ring! Ask your instructor why they haven’t taught you the whole system, when the system was conceived to be learnt in the shortest time possible.

Some people are very intelligent, but when it comes to the martial arts, they can be the most ‚gullible‘ fools around. I personally know of people that’s been practising wing chun for over 25-years‘ plus….and they still haven’t finished the syllabus! When they finally get to the weapons stage, they will be too old to lift the pole or the knives!

 

Ip Ching- über seinen Vater Ip Man

Mein Vater, Ip Man

Von GM Ip Ching

Über das Leben von GM Ip Man, geschrieben von seinem Sohn, Ip Ching

Mein verstorbener Vater, Meister Ip Man, trieb die Kunst des Wing Chun energisch voran, nachdem er 1949 nach Hongkong kam. In kürzester Zeit von etwa 22 Jahren (1950-1972) erblühte Ving Tsun in Hongkong, Macau und Taiwan. Mehr noch,  wurde der Samen über alle Kontinente versprüht und es wurden solide Grundsteine in allen großen Ländern der Welt gelegt. Im Laufe seines Lebens wurden exzellente Schüler ausgebildet, wie Leung Sheung, Ip Bo-Ching, Chiu Wan, Bruce Lee, Lok Yiu, Tsui Sheung Tin, Wong Shun Leung und Ho Kam Ming und sie übernahmen die Aufgabe und Wunsch ihres Meisters das Wing Chun weiter zu entfalten.

Daher wurde er von seinen Schülern hoch geachtet und als er starb, preisten Sie Ihn einstimmig als den „Meister des Wing Chun“.
Mein Vater war in seinem ganzen Leben bescheiden und überaus bedacht. Er hätte niemals für sich in Anspruch genommen „der Meister des Wing Chun“ oder der „Älteste“ der Schule zu sein“. Ich erwähne dies als Hinweis und Warnung an die Schülerkammeraden, die darin konkurierten, der der neue Schulleiter zu sein. Mein
Vater hätte diesen Titel wohl ohne Verlegenheit annehmen können.

Mein Vater wurde in Foshan gebohren, am Ende der Ching Dynasty. Foshan war
als  blühenste Region im Zheyieng Delta von Guangong bekannt und ein wichtiger Wirtschaftsknoten für den Land- und Seetransport. Seit jeher wurde es als einer der historischsten Orte von China bezeichnet, zusammen mit Jingde, Thuxian und Hankiou. Industrie und Handel, insbesondere das Handwerk, blühte überall und die Bürger führten ein gutes Leben in Wohlstand.Daraus erfolgte, daß Kunst und Kultur sich voll entwickeln konnte, wobei die Kampfkunst einen großen Stellenwert in der traditionellen Kultur Chinas darstellte. Der Trend, Kampfkunst zu lernen war sehr weit verbreitet. Bekannte Meister des Süd-Schule (South- Shaolin), darunter Wong Fai Hung, Cheung Hung-Shing, Leung Chan, Leung Siu Ching kamen aus Fatshan. Meister Ip wurde in dieser Zeit gebohren und er war extrem versessen auf Kampfkunst. Durch sein Talent und die Beharrlichkeit, sowie aufgrund des Unterrichts berühmter Lehrer (Chan Wa Shun und später Leung Big) konnte man sich seinen Leistungsstand leicht vorstellen.
I kam 1962 nach Hongkong und folgte meinem Vater Erlernen der Kampfkunst. Daraufhin assistierte ich beim Training in der Schule, bis er 1972 von uns ging. Ich habe viel von seiner Art zu lernen mitbekommen.

Nun am hundertsten Jahrestag seit Ip mans Geburt, möchte ich ein paar Dinge weitergeben, die ich von der Art zu unterrichten verstanden habe, in der Hoffnung, daß alle Wing Chun Schüler daraus lernen und sich darüber Gedanken machen.
Der Meister legte großen Wert auf die Auswahl nach Talent. Er sagte immer:
„Zweifellos ist es schwierig für einen Schüler, den richtigen Meister auszuwählen, aber es ist noch viel schwieriger für den Meister, einen Schüler auszuwählen.“
Es war ungeheuer wichtig, daß man als hauptberuflicher Kung Fu Lehrer eine solche Einstellung hatte. Dies bedeutete, daß er eine seriöse Haltung gegenüber seinen Schülern hatte sowie Verantwortung denen gegenüber, die er unterrichtete.
Während seines gesamten lebens hatte er kein einziges Reklameschild aufgehängt oder eine Reklame inseriert. Der Zweck dafür war sich das Recht vorzubehalten, die Schüler aktiv auszuwählen. Dieses Prinzip hat er all die 20 Jahre eingehalten. Dies war sehr anerkennenswert für jemanden, der mit dem Unterricht sein Leben bestritt.

Wing Chun is praktikabel, einfach und direkt ohne zierende Techniken. Der Meister legte großen Wert auf die Basis, die Grundausbildung seiner Schüler. Wenn er die Sil Lim Tao lehrte, mußte man erst lernen, wie man die Hüfte einsetzt, die richtige Kraft verwendet und einen guten Stand entwickelt, egal wie lange es dauerte. Ein neues Thema wurde erst gelehrt, wenn der Schüler beweisen konnte, daß er die Voraussetzungen dafür erfüllte.

Eine weitere Charakteristik seiner Art zu Unterrichten war, den Schüler nach seiner
Eignung auszubilden. Er analysierte zunächst gründlich die Mentalität, den Charakter, körperliche Fitness, Statur, Bildungsstand, kultureller Hintergrund und das Aufnahmevermögen. Danach zeigte er Wege und Hilfsmittel entsprechend der individuellen Bedürfnisse um sicherzustellen, so daß jeder Schüler die Lehre auf seine Weise aufnehmen konnte. In den Kursen legte er viel Schwerpunkte im Sparring und des freien Kampfes. Zweck dafür war, daß die Schüler das Vertrauen und die Liebe für das Wing Chun stärkten, sowie die Prinzipien der Hand und Dummyformen zu vertiefen.

Neben den Errungenschaften aus dem Wind Chun, erhielt der Meister eine höhere Bildung in seiner Jugend. Darüberhinaus saugte er regelrecht moderne Wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse auf. Daher konnte er die Gesetzmäßigkeiten im Wind Chun auf der Grundlage der Mechanik und der mathematischen Logik erklären.

Der Meister konnte sogar nicht intelligibele Ausdrücke wie „die fünf Elemente“ und die „acht Diagramme“ , sowie „die Gegensätze“ aufgeben und reduzieren, die eigentlich aus der Methaphysik stammen. Dies half zur Aufklärung der Kampfkunst und war ebenfalls ein Geheimnis seines Erfolges.

Meister Ip Man hat nie selbst Dinge behauptet, und verabscheute sogar Leute, die angaben, daß sie einem Genie begegnet sind und außergewöhnliche Fähigkeiten oder einzigartige Techniken von Ihm erhalten haben, um damit Schüler zu Täuschen und sich hervorzuheben. Er dachte, daß solche Leute kein Vertrauen in Ihre Kunst haben können und die Regeln der Kampfkunst nur oberflächlich verstanden haben. Solche Typen wollen nur Leuten Respekt einjagen, indem sie diese fadenscheinlichen Geschichten auftischen. So jemand ist zum scheitern veruteilt, sagte er, der von solch minderbemittelten Lehrmethoden gebrauch machen muß.
Die Geheimnisse der Lehre Ip Mans sind nicht auf die oben genannten Punkte beschränkt. Ich hoffe dass die Gemeinschaft der Schüler in Zukunft noch mehr dieser bedeutenden Punkte aufklären können. – Ip Ching

Doppelmesser Form

butterfly-knives

 

Die Doppelmesserform („chin. Bart Cham Dao“) (oder „Batt Jam Dao“) bedeutet wortwörtlich „Acht- Schnitte- Messer“. Dao bezeichnet man eine einschneidige Klinge.

Sie ist normalerweise die letzte Form, die der Wing Chun Schüler lernt. Angeblich hat Ip Man diese Form bloß eine handvoll Schüler gelehrt. Er selbst lernte sie durch Leung Big.

Die Form hat acht Sektionen. Deswegen glauben einige fälschlicherweise, dies sei der Grund für die Bezeichung „Bart Cham Dao“. Jedoch bezieht sich „Acht“ auf die Zahl der Richtungen oder Winkel, in der die Klinge bei der Übung geführt wird. Daher der Name „Acht Schnitte Messer (engl. „eight cutting blade“).

Offenkundig lehrt die Form den Umgang mit dem Schmetterlings-Messer. Diese werden manchmal mit Bull- Ohren Schwerter verwechselt, da sie sich recht ähnlich sehen. Der Unterschied liegt hauptsächlich in der Anwendung.
Anfangs wird der Schüler noch fragen: „OK. Es macht bestimmt Spaß das alles zu lernen, und schön traditionell ist es auch, sogesehen. Aber warum sollte ich heutzutage so eine Waffe lernen, im Hinblick auf die praktische Verwendung?“ Was also  bringt es, die Bart Cham Dao zu lernen?
Vielleicht kann man als Hauptgrund nennen, daß die BCD die zugrundeliegenden Prinzipien des Wing Chun festigt und sichert, wie zum Beispiel „Ökonomie der Bewegung“ oder die korrekten „Winkel- und Druckverhältnisse“. Die Form bringt dem Schüler aber auch ein paar neue Schritte bei, die in bestimmten Situationen nützlich sind. Darüberhinaus verbessert sich die Kraft in den Handgelenken drastisch. Da die Doppelmesser  nicht so groß sind wie tradionelle Zwillings-Schwerter kann man die Techniken außerdem recht leicht mit improvisierten Waffen (Alltagsgegenstände) gebrauchen. Ferner übt es das Auge und die Aufmerksamkeit, nicht zuletzt den Sinn für den Ernst einer Kampfkunst.

Bevor die Bart Cham Dao gelernt werden kann, ist es sehr wichtig eine solide Basis in allen drei Handformen gelegt zu haben. Ein Grund dafür ist, daß die Schrittarbeit in der Bart Cham Dao nicht funktioniert, ohne zuvor korrekte Schritte aus der Chum Kiu und Biu Gee verinnerlicht zu haben. Ferner zeigt sich hier, warum es sich im Wing Chun um ein System handelt. Wie in der Mathematik beschreibt es die aufeinander aufbauende Folge von Fertigkeiten im Lehrstem. Die Fertigkeiten der Sil Lim Tao bauen auf die Fertigkeiten der Chum Kiu, diese wiederum sind notwendig für die Biu Gee. Es ist nicht ratsam, Sektionen auszulassen oder über Teile hinwegzutrainieren.

Luk Dim Boon Kwun- Langstock

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Luk Dim Boon Kwun
Six and a half point pole – Wing Chun long pole form

Luk Dim Boon Kwun literally means six and a half point pole. The techniques in this form are generally taught as the first of the weapons forms. The form only has six different techniques which are repeated in various directions and the half technique of dropping the pole. Therefore it is much easier to learn than the Bart Cham Dao which has well over 100 techniques.

The pole itself, sometimes called a „Dragon pole“ presumably because people thing it sounds „cool“, is around 8 or 9 foot, (one and a half times the height of the practitioner is a general rule). It is tapered at one end so it is thinner at the top than the base. Throughout the form the practitioner only holds the base. This is quite a big difference to other pole based styles which tend to use both ends of the weapon to spin and lash out in various directions. Because of its large size it is quite cumbersome to handle and it is thought the weapon was mainly for use on the battle field rather than one on one fighting. Theory has it the pole is for the first impact and the butterfly knives are for close fighting. Hence the half technique of dropping the pole is very important all be it a relatively easy process.

The form will help the practitioner gain strength in both the legs and arms. This is because a traditional horse stance is used for most of the form putting extra pressure on the legs. Also being around 9 foot in length the practitioner will require reasonable amount of upper body strength just to hold it out straight let along train with it for long hours. The form will also help improve coordination and it will help understand the principles of Wing Chun better. For instance being a centimetre off of the centreline with your guard would be hard to notice, however at the end of the 9 foot pole it becomes obvious. Therefore training the pole will help the practitioner identify subtle mistakes in his technique which applies to both empty hand and weapon techniques.

Sil Lim Tao

Wing Chun’s erste Form- „Die kleine Idee“
Ip Man’s Sil Lim Tao

Sil Lim Tao, manchmal auch Sil Nim Tao genannt, ist die erste Handform im Wing Chun. Die beiden anderen sind Chum Kiu und Biu Gee. Sil Lim Tao ist die Basis-form für Anfänger. Meister Ip Man erklärte, dass die „Sil Lim Tao“ oder „kleine Idee“ lehrt, die Gedanken des Alltags, wie Geld, Liebe, Arbeit, … so gut wie möglich zu vermindern oder verschwinden zu lassen, so dass der Übende sich ganz auf das Üben konzentrieren kann.

Die Sil Lim Tao enthält die Basis des Wing Chun Kung Fu. Daher wird fast jeder Wing-Chun-Lehrer bemüht sein, seinen Schüler/ seiner Schülerin zunächst die SLT zu allererst üben zu lassen. SLT ist in drei Sektionen geteilt mit insgesamt 108 Bewegungen. Jede kleinste Einheit in der Form hat seinen eigenen Übungszweck und verschiedene Bedeutungen in der Anwendung.

Die erste Sektion trainiert eine Grundlagenstärke im Ellbogen und Handgelenk, während der Bildung der Hauptpositionen Tan Sao, Fook Sao und Wu Sao. Wenn man gut werden will, sollte man in der ersten Sektion besonders auf das Training der Kraft und Stärke achten. Es gibt keine Abkürzung. Erstmal gelernt, müssen die Bewegungen der Form, im Hinblick auf Stärke und Stabilität fleißig trainiert werden. Jeder Übende sollte wissen, daß der erste Abschnitt langsam auszuführen ist. Um die spezifische Kraft zu trainieren muß man sich auf sie voll konzentrieren und dies erfordert die langsame Ausführung.

Der zweite Abschitt trainiert u.a. die richtige Verwendung der aufgebauten Kraft.
Diese ist halb hart halb weich (soft). Am besten kann man es zeigen, in dem man einen Schlag ausführt. Der Arm beschleunigt sehr schnell, aber die Muskulatur ist entspannt. Dies ist der weiche Part. Aber kurz bevor es zum Kontakt mit dem Gegner kommt, spannt sich die Muskulatur für den Bruchteil einer Sekunde an. Dies ist der harte Part. Dies entwickelt sich später zu einer Abgabe von großer kinetischer Energie aus dem ganzen Körper, ohne dabei die Balance zu gefährden.

Die dritte Sektion ist für das Training korrekter Positionen und Bewegungen. Bewegungen enthalten Pak Sao, Tan Sao , Huen Sao, Gan Sao und Bong Sao. Hier ist es besonders wichtig, die Ausgangs- und Endpositionen jeder einzelnen Bewegung genaustens auszuführen.

 

 

 

Ip Man’s Lehrmethode

 

Ip Man und seine Trainingsmethoden

Von Billy Davidson
14. Januar, 2007

Viele Schüler sagen, Ihr Wing Chun kommt direkt von Ip Man und manche sagen, daß Sie Meisterschüler oder Privatschüler gewesen sind, was alles in allem sehr politisch und werblich erscheint. Politisch mit Wing Chun umzugehen war etwas, woran Ip Man niemals auch nur gedacht hätte. Doch viele trainieren Formen und Techniken, die sich schon alleine optisch stark von dem unterscheidet, was Ip Man lehrte und in alten 8mm- Filmaufnahmen zu sehen ist. Aber wie kann das sein?

In den Tagen vor seinem Tod wollte Ip Man das von Ihm praktizierte Wing Chun festhalten und brachte die Siu Lim Tao, Chum Kiu und Mok Yan Jong- Form auf 8mm- Film, damit seine Söhne es als ein Orientierungsmittel für den Familienstil Ip Mans nutzen konnten. Mit diesen einmaligen Aufnahmen zeigte Ip Man nicht nur, wie er die Formen ausführte, sondern er wollte, sein Erbe in Erinnerung halten und zukünftigen Schülern eine Vorlage hinterlassen.

– Auszug aus dem Aufsatz von Billy Davidson

His skill level even in ill health showed that with diligent training and correct understanding that these martial skills with stay with the practitioner until death, but this was the way in which Ip Man personally practiced and the way he wanted his students to practise.

My understanding of the words KUNG FU and that of so many of Ip man’s students personally and as they pass on there understanding that KUNG FU means hard work! And that a teacher can only teach you what he knows of the system, but that only counts for fifty percent of the skills as you personally have to put the work in to get results.

Therefore it can be said your kung fu is fifty percent your teachers and fifty percent yours. From the stories told by senior Wing Chun masters, Ip Man taught each individual according to there level of education and the type of work they did, therefore his in depth explanation would be somewhat different to other students but it’s not what is said that makes the student develop it’s being able to understand the principles of the system and what makes it work. Their have been many good fighters in the Wing Chun system, some have been natural and some trained but what is it that developed the skill for them in the first place?

There is a story of one of Ip Man’s students getting into a fight and being hit during that fight with a low strike and when a defensive technique seemed not to work. So this student went back and asked Ip Man about it and was there a reason why it didn’t work and also if there was a way to make it better. Ip Man then showed the student how to adapt the movement so it would work better for him, thus showing a slight change in a basic movement from his hand form and that of other Ip Man students.

Many students forget it’s the words of wisdom given by the teacher, in this case Ip Man who seen the error on the technique the student used and corrected it for them hence the slight difference on the applications and the forms of senior students, but for many this part of training starts to fall down when a teacher says „this is the only way my way“ yet when a student asked Ip Man if he could adjust a movement or position to make it work better for him Ip Man would say „does it work better for you? Is it still using the principles of Wing Chun? Then use it“ What more could you ask from your teacher than the full backing to develop your skills and make it work for you.

There have been many stories told about the late grandmaster Ip Man and the promotion of the Wing Chun system. In fact it’s down to the hard times and his hard work in China and Hong Kong that prompted Ip Man to teach openly, also his ethics for tradition and also his ethics as a person not to be used by others or bribed into teaching what he thought the student was not ready for.

To be a good teacher you have to understand what your students needs are and help them to achieve them therefore you have to have patience, understanding, openness and the ability to communicate to others from any background what they need to help them develop, this is something Ip Man could do due to his educational background and at the time of Ip Man’s teaching this was something very few teacher could do.

Personally having had the opportunity to train with some of the most senior students of Ip Man I have been left with one embedded impression, Ip Man loved the Wing Chun system and the tradition that belongs only to the Chinese martial arts.

Today many teachers of Wing Chun teach only what is set by there teacher and not what has made it work for them. Many years ago I once said to my teacher „I want my Wing Chun and Skill to be just like yours“ and he said to me „you will never be just like me, I’m Chinese and I’m taller than you, I have a different job than you. So don’t be like me, but understand the correct way of training, train hard and be the best you can be“ words I have carried with me even in my teaching.